The Sacred Black Stone of Elagabal
Roman Coin celebrates an Ancient Syrian Religion
1. Antoninus Pius Provincial AE - Sacred Stone of Emesa Syria
Bronze, 23mm, 8.71gm
Laureate bust right
AVT KAI TI AIΛ ANTΩNEINOC CEB EV
(Augustus Caesar Antoninus Augustus Pius)
Eagle standing right on sacred stone of Elagabal, B in right field
Struck: AD 138-161 Emesa Syria
This Roman provincial coin was issued at Emesa, Syria during the reign of the Roman Emperor
Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161), when it became a major city.
Such stones were very important in the Syrian-Phoenician religion.
music and dancing.
On coins, the stone is usually shown with an eagle spreading its wings over the object
in a protective way.
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus (AD 218-222) who was later known as Elagabalus, after his stone.
is still celebrated in some places.
A similar coin was issued under Trajan earlier:
2. Trajan Provincial AE - Sacred Stone of Seleucia Syria
Bronze, 25mm, 13.86gm
Laureate head right
AYTOKP KAIC NEP TPAIANO CAPICT CEB GEPM DAK
(Emperor Caesar NEP Trajan CAPICT Augustus Germanicus Dacius)
Sacred stone of Zeus Kaisos
Draped with ribbon in shrine with four pillars supporting roof, eagle on top
CELEYKEWN PEIEPIAC SEYC KACIOC
Struck: AD 103-104
The Emperor Elagabalus issued this coin celebrating his role as priest:
3. Elagabalus (AD 218-222) silver Denarius Syrian Priest
Silver, 21mm, 3.76gm
Horned, laureate, and draped bust right
IMP ANTONINVS PIVS AVG
Elagabalus in Syrian priest dress standing left sacrificing out of patera over lighted altar,
holding branch or club, star left
PM TRP IIII COS III PP
Struck: AD 221 Rome